600 Education Program

600 Goals and Objectives of the Educational Program

The goals and objectives of the school district are designed to achieve the mission statement of the school district. Short-term and long-term objectives for the education program will be reviewed annually by the board. These objectives will reflect the results of the needs assessment, recommendations from the superintendent, changes in law, and any other relevant factors. Annually, the board will report regarding the progress toward the achievement of the goals and objectives of the education program.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017       Revised 01/18/2017  

601 General Organization

601.1 School Calendar

The school calendar will accommodate the education program of the school district. The school calendar is for at least the state minimum requirement and shall include, but not be limited to, the days for student instruction, staff development, in-service days and teacher conferences.

 

The academic school year for students is for a minimum of one hundred and eighty (180) days or one thousand eighty (1,080) hours in the school calendar. The academic school year for students may not begin prior to August 23. Employees may be required to report to work at the school district prior to this date.

 

Special education students may attend school on a school calendar different from that of the regular education program consistent with their Individualized Education Program.

 

The board, in its discretion, may excuse graduating seniors from up to five (5) days or thirty (30) hours of instruction after the school district requirements for graduation have been met. The board may also excuse graduating seniors from making up days missed due to inclement weather if the student has met the school district’s graduation requirements.

 

It is the responsibility of the superintendent to develop the school calendar for recommendation, approval, and adoption by the board annually.

 

The board may amend the official school calendar when the board considers the change to be in the best interests of the school district’s education program.

 

Legal Reference:              

Iowa Code §§ 20.9; 279.10; 280.3.

281 I.A.C. 12.2(1).

Approved   12/18/94       Reviewed 04/18/2016     Revised 04/18/2016   

601.2 School Day

The student school day for grades one through twelve will consist of a minimum of six (6) hours, not including the lunch period. The school day consists of the schedule of class instruction and class activities as established and sponsored by the school district. Time during which students are released from school for parent/teacher conferences may be counted as part of the student’s instructional time. The minimum school day will meet the requirements as established for the operation of accredited schools.

 

The board may define the number of days kindergarten will be held and the length of each school day for the students attending kindergarten. The school day will consist of a schedule as recommended by the superintendent and approved by the board.

 

The school district may also record a day of school with less than the minimum instructional hours if the total hours of instructional time for grades one through twelve in any five consecutive school days equals a minimum of thirty (30) hours, even though any one day of school is less than the minimum instructional hours because of a staff development opportunity provided for the instructional staff or parent-teacher conferences have been scheduled beyond the regular school day. Parent-teacher conference time is included in the total of instructional hours for the day, week, and calendar total hours or days. Schedule revisions and changes in time allotments will be made by the superintendent.

 

When the school is forced to close due to weather or other emergencies that part of the day during which school was in session will constitute a school day if the calendar is based on 180 instructional days. If the calendar is based on hours, the hours during which school was in session prior to the closure will count toward the 1,080 total hours in the school calendar.

 

It is the responsibility of the superintendent to inform the board annually of the length of the school day.

 

Legal Reference:       

Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

281 I.A.C. 12.2(2), .2(3), .2(6).

Approved   3/25/91       Reviewed 04/18/2016       Revised 04/18/2016   

602 Curriculum Development

602.1 Curriculum Development

Curriculum development shall be an ongoing process in the school district. Each curriculum area shall be reviewed and revised when necessary according to the timelines set out by the superintendent. These timelines will provide for periodic review of each curriculum area.

 

The superintendent is responsible for curriculum development and for determining the most effective method of conducting research of the school district’s curriculum needs and a long-range curriculum development program. In making recommendations to the board, the superintendent shall propose a curriculum that will:

  • fulfill the mission, beliefs, and vision of the school district;
  • reflect current research and best practice;
  • reflect the educational and operational assessments of the school district;
  • identify Standards, Benchmarks, and Critical Objectives for each course or grade level;
  • articulate courses of student from kindergarten through grade twelve;
  • provide for continual assessment of a student’s progress;
  • improve instructional practice;
  • meet the long and short range student achievement goals found in the District’s School Improvement Plan;
  • meet the requirements of the Iowa Department of Education in meeting General Accreditation Standards.

 

It is the responsibility of the superintendent to keep the board apprised of necessary curriculum changes and revisions and to develop administrative regulations for curriculum development.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    20 U.S.C. § 1232h (1994).

                                                34 C.F.R. Pt. 98 (2002).

                                                Iowa Code §§ 216.9; 256.7; 279.8; 280.3-.14 (2005).

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017      Revised 01/18/2017   

602.2 Curriculum Adoption

Curriculum of the school district will be recommended by the superintendent and approved by the board.

 

The district’s curriculum plan shall contain a framework that describes the processes and procedures that will be followed to assist all staff in developing the knowledge and skills necessary to successfully implement the developed curriculum in each content area. This framework shall:

  • be data driven;
  • review both standardized and district assessment data for existing standards, benchmarks, and critical objectives;
  • identify the strengths and weaknesses (gap analysis);
  • study and identify best instructional practices;
  • identify and develop research that demonstrates how students learn best;
  • focus on developing plans that address weaknesses;
  • provide ongoing staff development;
  • describe procedures for purchase of instructional materials;
  • communicate with both the external and internal customers using data; and
  • continually assess changes in curriculum.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    20 U.S.C. § 1232h

                                                34 C.F.R. Pt. 98

                                                Iowa Code §§ 216.9; 256.7; 279.8; 280.3-.14.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.8(1)(c)(1).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

602.3 Curriculum Evaluation

When deemed necessary by the superintendent and whenever a new program is proposed, the board will review the curriculum to determine its strengths and weaknesses. The board may authorize the superintendent to appoint an ad hoc advisory committee to review the curriculum.

 

The board shall review the student performance on standardized tests, district created assessments, courses, and other indicators of student achievement as it relates to the district’s standards and benchmarks and critical objectives. It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to provide the board/parents/community with the assessment scores on an annual basis.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    20 U.S.C. § 1232h

                                                34 C.F.R. Pt. 98

                                                Iowa Code §§ 216.9; 256.7; 279.8; 280.3-.14

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.8(1)(c)(1)

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017      Revised 01/18/2017   

602.4 Pilot - Experimental - Innovative Projects

The board welcomes new ideas in curriculum. Proposals for pilot or experimental projects shall first be reviewed and analyzed by the superintendent. Projects recommended by the superintendent will be considered by the board. Pilot and experimental projects approved by the board, the Iowa Department of Education, or the U.S. Department of Education may be utilized in the education program.

 

Students, who may be or are asked to participate in a research or experimental project or program, must have their parent’s written consent on file prior to participating in the project or program. A research or experimental program or project requiring parents’ prior written consent is a program or project designed to explore or develop new or unproven teaching methods or techniques. These programs or projects shall be designated as research or experimental projects or programs. The educational materials of a program or project designated as a research or experimental program or project may be inspected and reviewed by the parents of the students participating or being considered for participation in the program or project.  he inspection and review by the parents shall be in accordance with board policy 605.2, “Instructional Materials Inspection”.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    20 U.S.C. § 1232h (1988).

                                                34 C.F.R. Pt. 98 (1993).

                                                Iowa Code §§ 279.8, .10; 280.3-.14.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

603 Instruction Curriculum

603.1 Basic Instruction Program

The basic instruction program shall include the courses required for each grade level by the State Department of Education. The instructional approach will be nonsexist and multicultural.

 

The board may, in its discretion, offer additional courses in the instruction program for any grade level.

 

Each instruction program shall be planned for optimal benefit taking into consideration the financial condition of the school district and other factors deemed relevant by the board or superintendent. Each instruction program’s plan should describe the program, its goals, the effective materials, the activities and the method for student evaluation.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    20 U.S.C. § 1232h (1988).

                                                34 C.F.R. Pt. 98 (1993).

                                                Iowa Code §§ 216.9; 256.11; 279.8; 280.3-.14.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

603.2 Summer School Instruction

Generally, only Driver’s Education will be offered during summer school. However, the board, in its discretion, may offer summer school for one or more courses and student activities for students who need additional assistance and instruction or for enrichment in those areas.

 

Upon receiving a request for summer school, the board shall weigh the benefit to the students and the school district as well as the school district’s budget and availability of certified employees to conduct summer school. The decision whether the school district will offer summer school shall be within the discretion of the board.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8, .11; 280.3, .14; 282.1A, .6.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

603.3 Special Education

The board recognizes some students have different educational needs than other students. The board shall provide a free appropriate public education program and related services, in the least restrictive environment, to students identified in need of special education. The special education services will be provided from birth until the appropriate education is completed, age twenty-one or to maximum age allowable in accordance with the law. Students requiring special education shall attend general education classes, participate in nonacademic and extracurricular services and activities and receive services in a general education setting to the maximum extent appropriate to the needs of each individual student.

 

The appropriate education for each student shall be written in the student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). Special education students shall be required to meet the requirements stated in board policy or in their IEPs for graduation.  It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent and the area education agency director of special education to provide or make provisions for appropriate special education and related services. 

 

Children from birth through age 2 and children age 3 through 5 shall be provided comprehensive special education services within the public education system. The school district shall work in conjunction with the area education agency to provide services, at the earliest appropriate time, to children with disabilities from birth through age 2. This shall be done to ensure a smooth transition of children entitled to early childhood special education services.

 

 

Legal Reference:                   

Board of Education v. Rowley, 458 U.S. 176 (1982).

Springdale School District #50 v. Grace, 693 F.2d 41 (8th Cir. 1982).

Southeast Warren Comm. School District v. Dept. of Public Instruction, 285 N.W.2d 173 (Iowa 1979).

20 U.S.C. §§ 1400 et seq. (1988).

34 C.F.R. Pt. 300 et seq. (1993).

Iowa Code §§ 256.11(7); 256B; 273.1, .2, .5. .9 (2)-(3); 280.8.

281 I.A.C. 41.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017       Revised 05/21/2012   

603.4 Multicultural and Gender Fair Education

Students will have an equal opportunity for a quality education without discrimination, regardless of their race, religion, socioeconomic status, color, sex, marital status, national origin, creed, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability.

 

The educational program shall be free of such discrimination and provide equal opportunity for the students and will foster knowledge of and respect and appreciation for, the historical and contemporary contributions of diverse cultural groups, as well as men and women, to society. It shall also reflect the wide variety of roles open to both men and women and provide equal opportunity to both sexes.

 

 

Legal Reference:        Iowa Code §§216.9; 256.11.

                                    281 Iowa Admin. Code 12.5(8).

 

Approved   05/15/95       Reviewed 01/18/2017       Revised 01/18/2017 

603.5 Health Education

Students shall receive, as part of their health education, instruction about personal health; food and nutrition; environmental health; safety and survival skills; consumer health; family life; human growth and development; substance abuse and non-use, including the effects of alcohol, tobacco, drugs and poisons on the human body; human sexuality; self-esteem; stress management; interpersonal relationships; emotional and social health; health resources; prevention and control of disease; communicable diseases, including sexually transmitted diseases and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; and current crucial health issues. The purpose of the health education program is to help each student protect, improve and maintain physical, emotional and social well-being.

 

The instruction shall be adapted at each grade level to aid understanding by the students.

 

Parents who object to health education instruction in human growth and development and/or human sexuality may file a written request that the student be excused from the instruction. The written request shall include a proposed alternate activity or study acceptable to the superintendent. The superintendent shall have the final authority to determine the alternate activity or study.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 256.11; 279.8; 280.3-.14.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

603.6 Physical Education

Students in grades one through twelve shall be required to participate in physical education courses unless they are excused by the principal of their attendance center.

 

Students may be excused from physical education courses if the student presents a written statement from a doctor stating that such activities could be injurious to the health of the student or the student has been exempted because of a conflict with the student’s religious beliefs provided such excuse fits within federal and state laws.

 

Students in grades 9-12 may also be excused from physical education courses if the student is enrolled in academic courses not otherwise available or the student has obtained a physical education waiver for a semester because the student is actively involved in an athletic program.

 

Twelfth grade students may also be excused from physical education courses if the student is enrolled in a cooperative, work study or other educational program authorized by the school which requires the student’s absence from school.

 

Students who will not participate in physical education must have a written request or statement from their parents.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 256.11.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 06/20/2011   

603.7 Career Education

Preparing students for careers is one goal of the education program. Career education will be written into the education program for grades kindergarten through twelve. This education shall include, but not be limited to, awareness of self in relation to others and the needs of society, exploration of employment opportunities, experiences in personal decision-making, and experiences of integrating work values and work skills into their lives.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent or designee to assist certified employees in finding ways to provide career education in the education program. Special attention should be given to courses of vocational education nature. The board, in its review of the curriculum, shall review the means in which career education is combined with other instructional programs.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 256.11, .11A; 280.9.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5(7).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

603.8 Teaching About Religion

The school district is required to keep the practice of religion out of the school curriculum. The board recognizes the key role religion has played in the history of the world and authorizes the study of religious history and traditions as part of the curriculum. Preferential or derogatory treatment of a single religion shall not take place.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to ensure the study of religion in the schools in keeping with the following guidelines:

  • the proposed activity must have a secular purpose;
  • the primary objective of the activity must not be one that advances or inhibits religion; and
  • the activity must not foster excessive governmental entanglement with religion.

 

 

Legal Reference:                   

U.S. Const. amend. I.

Lee v. Weisman. 112 S. Ct. 2649 (1992).

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971).

Graham v. Central Community School District of Decatur County, 608 F.Supp. 531 (S.D. Iowa 1985).

Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.6.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

603.8R1 Teaching About Religion Regulation - Religious Holidays

The historical and contemporary significance of religious holidays may be included in the education program provided that the instruction is presented in an unbiased and objective manner. The selection of holidays to be studied shall take into account major celebrations of several world religions, not just those of a single religion. Holiday-related activities shall be educationally sound and sensitive to religious differences and shall be selected carefully to avoid the excessive or unproductive use of school time. Teachers shall be especially careful in planning activities that are to take place immediately preceding or on a religious holiday.

 

Music, art, literature and drama having religious themes (including traditional carols, seasonal songs and classical music) shall be permitted if presented in an objective manner without sectarian indoctrination. The emphasis on religious themes shall be only as extensive as necessary for a balanced and comprehensive study or presentation. Religious content included in student performances shall be selected on the basis of its independent educational merit and shall seek to give exposure to a variety of religious customs, beliefs and forms of expression. Holiday programs, parties or performances shall not become religious celebrations or be used as forum for religious worship, such as the devotional reading of sacred writings or the recitations of prayers.

 

The use of religious symbols (e.g. a cross, menorah, crescent, Star of David, lotus blossom, nativity scene or other symbol that is part of a religious ceremony) shall be permitted as a teaching aid, but only when such symbols are used temporarily and objectively to give information about a heritage associated with a particular religion. The Christmas tree, Santa Claus, Easter eggs, Easter bunnies and Halloween decorations are secular, seasonal symbols and as such can be displayed in a seasonal context.

 

Expressions of belief or non-belief initiated by individual students shall be permitted in composition, art forms, music, speech and debate. However, teachers may not require projects or activities which are indoctrination or force students to contradict their personal religious beliefs or non-beliefs.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised            

603.9 Academic Freedom

The board believes students should have an opportunity to reach their own decisions and beliefs about conflicting points of view. Academic freedom is the opportunity of certified employees and students to study, investigate, present, interpret, and discuss facts and ideas relevant to the subject matter of the classroom and appropriate to and in good taste with the maturity and intellectual and emotional capacities of the students.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the teacher to refrain from advocating partisan causes, sectarian religious views, or biased positions in the classroom or through teaching methods. Teachers are not discouraged from expressing personal opinions as long as students are aware it is a personal opinion and students are allowed to reach their own conclusions independently.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the principal to ensure academic freedom is allowed but not abused in the classroom.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .6.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 01/18/2017   

603.9R1 Teaching Controversial Issues

A “controversial issue” is a topic of significant academic inquiry about which substantial groups of citizens of this community, this state or this nation hold sincere, conflicting points of view.

 

It is the belief of the board that controversial issues should be fairly presented in a spirit of honest academic freedom so that students may recognize the validity of other points of view but can also learn to formulate their own opinions based upon dispassionate, objective, unbiased study and discussion of the facts related to the controversy.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the teacher to present full and fair opportunity and means for students to study, consider and discuss all sides of controversial issues including, but not limited to, political philosophies.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the teacher to protect the right of the student to study pertinent controversial issues within the limits of good taste and to allow the student to express personal opinions without jeopardizing the student’s relationship with the teacher.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the teacher to refrain from advocating partisan causes, sectarian religious views, or selfish propaganda of any kind through any classroom or school device; however, a teacher shall not be prohibited from expressing a personal opinion as long as students are encouraged to reach their own decisions independently.

 

The board encourages full discussion of controversial issues in a spirit of academic freedom that shows students that they have the right to disagree with the opinions of others but that they also have the responsibility to base the disagreement on facts and to respect the right of others to hold conflicting opinions.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 01/18/2017      Revised 06/20/2011 

603.11 Citizenship

Being a citizen of the United States, of Iowa and of the school district community entitles students to special privileges and protections as well as requiring the students to assume civic, economic and social responsibilities and to participate in their country, state and school district community in a manner that entitles them to keep these rights and privileges.

 

As part of the education program, students will have an opportunity to learn about their rights, privileges, and responsibilities as citizens of this country, state and school district community. As part of this learning opportunity students are instructed in the elements of good citizenship and the role quality citizens play in their country, state and school district community.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 256.11, .11A.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.3(8).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 01/18/2017     Revised 11/20/06      

604 Alternative Programs

604.1 Private Instruction

In the event a child of compulsory attendance age, over age six and under age sixteen, does not attend public school or an accredited nonpublic school, the child must receive competent private instruction or independent private instruction.

 

A parent choosing competent private instruction for a student by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner, competent private instruction for a student by a non-licensed individual or independent private instruction must meet the requirements outlined under Iowa law.

 

A parent choosing competent private instruction for a student by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner shall notify the school district prior to the first day of school on forms provided by the school district. The forms are available in the central administration office. One copy of the completed forms will be kept by the school district and another copy will be forwarded to the area education agency.

 

A parent choosing competent private instruction for a student by a non-licensed individual may notify the school district prior to the first day of school on forms provided by the district. The forms are available in the central administration office. One copy of the completed forms will be kept by the district and another copy will be forwarded to the appropriate Area Education Agency.

 

A parent choosing independent private instruction for a student may be asked to provide a report identifying the primary instructor, location, name of the authority responsible for the independent instruction, and the names of the students enrolled to the district.

 

The superintendent or superintendent’s designee will determine whether the completed form or report is in compliance with the law. The school district shall report noncompliance with the reporting, immunization, attendance, instructor qualifications, and assessment requirements of the compulsory attendance law to the county attorney of the county of residence of the student’s parent, guardian or custodian.

 

Students receiving competent private instruction or independent private instruction are eligible to request open enrollment to another school district. The receiving district shall not bill the resident district unless the receiving district complies with the reporting requirements. If the parent, guardian or custodian fails to comply with the compulsory attendance requirements, the receiving district shall notify the resident district. The resident district shall then report the non-compliance to the county attorney of the county of residence of the parent, guardian or custodian.

 

Students receiving competent private instruction by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner must make adequate progress, shall be monitored for progress by the supervising teacher, and may be assessed annually. The district will provide any optional assessments at no cost.

 

Students receiving competent private instruction by a non-licensed individual must make adequate progress, shall be evaluated annually by the parent, guardian, or legal custodian to ensure adequate progress is being made, and may be assessed annually. The district will provide any optional assessments at no cost.

 

Students receiving competent private instruction by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner and students receiving competent private instruction from a non-licensed individual may dual enroll with the district. Students receiving individual private instruction may not dual enroll with the district.

 

Upon the request of a parent, guardian or legal custodian of a student receiving competent private instruction or upon referral of a licensed practitioner who provides instruction or instructional supervision of a student under competent private instruction, the school district shall refer a student who may require special education to the appropriate Area Education Agency, Division of Special Education, for evaluation.

 

Legal Reference:        

Iowa Code §§ 256.11; 279.10, .11; 299.1-.6, .11, .15, .24; 299A

281 I.A.C. 31

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/24/2014   

604.1R1 Criteria to Determine Equivalent Instruction

The following criteria will be used by the Board of Directors in determining equivalency of instruction for children not enrolled in the public schools.

 

Non-Public Approved School

If the instruction provided is in a non-public school, the superintendent shall contact the Iowa Department of Education. If the private school is approved by the Iowa Department of Education, the Board of Directors will consider it to have met the equivalency standards.

 

Non-Public Non-Approved School

If the non-public, non-approved school is located within the school district, the secretary of the school district shall serve notice on the principal of such school, once during each school year and at any time when requested in individual cases, to furnish to the secretary a certificate and a report in duplicate of the following information.

  1. Names of pupils
  2. Ages of pupils
  3. Number of days attendance of each pupil over seven (7) and under sixteen (16) years of age
  4. The course of study pursued by each pupil
  5. The text(s) used
  6. The names of teachers during the preceding year and from the time of the last preceding report to present time.

 

The secretary shall retain one (1) of the reports and file the other with the secretary of the Area Education Agency. The superintendent shall then evaluate the instruction of such school using the guidelines stated in the legal reference and make a recommendation to the Board as to whether equivalent instruction is being provided.

 

If the non-public, non-approved school is located in another district, the superintendent shall contact the secretary of the district within which the non-public non-approved school is located and request the above information from that individual.

 

Private Instruction

If the superintendent becomes aware of a student of compulsory education age who is receiving private instruction not in a regularly conducted school, the superintendent shall require the board secretary to request, from the person having control of the child, a certificate with the following information.

  1. Name and age of such child
  2. Period of time during which such child has been under said private instruction
  3. The details of such instructions and the name of the instructor

 

The superintendent shall then evaluate the instruction of such pupil using the guidelines as stated in the above legal reference. A recommendation to the Board of Directors whether equivalent instruction is being provided by a certified teacher will be made by the superintendent.

 

Legal Reference:                    

281 I.A.C. Chapter 31 and Chapter 257.

Code of Iowa - Iowa Code Sec. 257.25; 279.10;, 279.11; 299.15 and 299.24.

Johnson v. Charles City Community School’s Board of Education, 368 N.W.2d 74 (Iowa 1985).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017       Revised            

604.2 Individualized Instruction

The board’s primary responsibility in the management of the school district is the operation and delivery of the regular education program. Generally, students attending the school district shall receive the regular education program offered by the district. Only in exceptional circumstances will the board approve students receiving individualized instruction at the expense of the school district.

 

Recommendations from the superintendent for individualized instruction shall state the need for the instruction, the objectives and goals sought for the instruction, the employee requirements for the instruction, the implementation procedures for the instruction and the evaluation procedures and processes that will be used to assess the value of the instruction.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop administrative regulations for individualized instruction.

 

Legal Reference:                    

Iowa Code §§ 256.11; 279.8, .10, .11; 280.3, .14; 299.1-.6, .11, .15, .24; 299A.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017    Revised 05/19/97   

604.3 Foreign Study

The board recognizes some students may wish to take courses outside the country. The board must approve such foreign exchange student study programs prior to acceptance of the program by the student. The board’s approval is not an assumption of liability, but rather an approval of the credits from the program toward the graduation requirements.

 

Students must obtain board approval prior to participating in the foreign exchange student program, unless it is a continuing program which has received a favorable evaluation by the administration and the program will be carried out in the future as it has been in the past.

 

The students and school district personnel or other, if they travel with the student, shall have personal insurance and liability protection. The school district assumes no liability for the participants.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to keep the board informed of ongoing programs and to bring new programs to the board’s attention.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017      Revised 02/20/2017           

604.4 Program for Talented and Gifted Students

The board recognizes some students require programming beyond the regular education program. The board will identify students with special abilities and provide education programming.

 

It is the responsibility of the superintendent to develop a talented and gifted program which provides for identifying students, for program evaluation, and for training of employees.

 

Legal Reference:                    

Iowa Code §§ 257.42-.49.

281 I.A.C. 12.5(12); 59.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 11/20/06   

604.5 Program for At-Risk Students

The board recognizes some students require additional assistance in order to graduate from the regular education program. The board will provide a plan to encourage and provide an opportunity for at-risk students to achieve their potential and obtain their high school diploma.

 

It is the responsibility of the superintendent to develop a plan for students at-risk which provides for identifying students, for program evaluation, and for the training of employees.

 

Legal Reference:                    

Iowa Code §§ 257.38-.41; 280.19, .19A.

281 I.A.C. 12.5 (13); 33; 61; 65.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017    Revised 11/20/06   

604.6 Religious-Based Exclusion from a School Program

Parents who wish to have their child excluded from a school program because of religious beliefs must inform the building principal. The board authorizes the administration to allow the exclusion if it is not disruptive to the education program and it does not infringe on a compelling state or educational interest. Further, the exclusion must not interfere with other school district operations.

 

In notifying the superintendent, the parents shall abide by the following:

  • The notice shall be in writing;
  • The objection shall be based on religious beliefs;
  • The objection shall state which activities or studies violate their religious beliefs;
  • The objection shall state why these activities or studies violate their religious beliefs; and
  • The objection shall state a proposed alternate activity or study.

 

The building principal shall have discretion to make this determination. The factors the building principal shall consider when a student requests to be excluded from a program or activity because of religious beliefs include, but are not limited to, staff available to supervise a student who wishes to be excluded, space to house the student while the student is excluded, available superintendent-approved alternative course of study or activity while the student is excluded, number of students who wish to be excluded, whether allowing the exclusion places the school in a position of supporting a particular religion, and whether the program or activity is required for promotion to the next grade level or for graduation.

 

Students who are allowed to be excluded from a program or activity which violates their religious beliefs shall be required to do an alternate supervised activity or study.

 

Legal Reference:                    

U.S. Const. amend. I.

Lee v. Weisman, 112 S. Ct. 2649 (1992).

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971).

Graham v. Central Community School District of Decatur County, 608 F.Supp. 531 (S.D. Iowa 1985).

Iowa Code §§ 256.11 (6); 279.8.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

604.7 Instruction at a Post-Secondary Educational Institution

In accordance with this policy, students in grades nine through twelve may receive academic or career and technical education credits that count toward the graduation requirements set out by the board for courses successfully completed in post-secondary educational institutions.  Students and parents or guardians shall be made aware of the post-secondary instructional opportunities as part of the development of each student’s individual career and academic plan as required by law.  The Superintendent or designee is responsible for developing the appropriate forms and procedures for implementing this policy and the following post-secondary educational opportunities:   

 

Concurrent Enrollment

The board may, in its discretion, enter into a contractual agreement with a community college to provide courses for eligible students in grades nine through twelve when comparable courses are not offered by the school district.  Notice of the availability of the concurrent enrollment program shall be included in the school district’s registration handbook, and the handbook shall identify which courses, if successfully completed, generate post-secondary credit.  Students shall not be charged tuition for concurrent enrollment courses and shall not be required to reimburse the school district for tuition if they do not successfully complete a course. Students or their parents or guardians may be required to pay a fee consistent with the school district’s established textbook policy and other materials for the concurrent enrollment course to the extent permitted by law.  Students or their parents or guardians may also be required to provide their own transportation to and from concurrent enrollment courses to the extent permitted by law.  However, transportation shall be the responsibility of the school district for any contracted course that is used to meet school district accreditation requirements.

 

Students who successfully complete a concurrent enrollment course, as determined by the postsecondary institution, shall receive postsecondary credit in accordance with the institution’s policies and high school credit that will be reflected on their high school transcript.  The Superintendent or designee is responsible for determining the number of high school credits that shall be granted to a student who successfully completes a concurrent enrollment course.  

 

Post-Secondary Enrollment Option

Ninth and tenth grade students who have been identified by the school district as gifted and talented, and eligible eleventh and twelfth grade students, may utilize the Post-Secondary Enrollment Option (“PSEO”) program.  To qualify, a course must be a nonsectarian, credit-bearing course that leads to a degree, and in the areas of:  mathematics, science, social sciences, humanities, career and technical education.  A course is not eligible for PSEO if a comparable course is offered by the school district.  This would include courses at a community college with which the district has a concurrent enrollment agreement.  Students shall not be charged for tuition, textbooks, materials, or fees related to a PSEO course with the exception of equipment that becomes the property of the student. 

 

The school district shall reimburse the post-secondary institution for tuition and other expenses for each PSEO course up to $250.  Students who successfully complete a PSEO course, as determined by the postsecondary institution, shall receive postsecondary credit and high school credit.  The Superintendent or designee is responsible for determining the number of high school credits that shall be granted to a student who successfully completes a PSEO course.  Students may not enroll on a full-time basis to any post-secondary institution through the PSEO program.

 

 

Transportation to and from the postsecondary institution is the responsibility of the student or parent or legal guardian of the student enrolled in a PSEO course.  Eligible students may take up to seven hours of post-secondary credit during the summer months and receive high school credit upon successful completion of a post-secondary course.  However, the student or student’s parent or legal guardian are responsible for all costs associated with courses taken during the summer.   

 

Students who fail a PSEO course and fail to receive credit are required to reimburse the school district for all costs directly related to the course up to the $250.00 reimbursement maximum.  Prior to registering, students under the age of eighteen are required to have a parent or guardian sign a form indicating that the parent is responsible for the costs of the course should the student fail the course and fail to receive credit.  Reimbursement waivers may be granted by the board if sufficient verification is provided to show that the student was unable to complete the course for reasons outside the student’s control, including but not limited to physical incapacity, a death in the student’s immediate family, or a move out of the school district.   

 

Legal References:      Iowa Code §§ 256.11; 258; 261E; 279.61, 280.3, 280.14

281 I.A.C. 12 and 22

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 06/18/2018     Revised 06/18/2018   

604.8 Dual Enrollment

The parent, guardian, or custodian of a student receiving competent private instruction by or under the supervision of a licensed practitioner or by a non-licensed individual may also enroll the student in the school district. The student shall be considered under dual enrollment. The parent, guardian, or custodian requesting dual enrollment for the student should notify the superintendent prior to October 1st each year on forms provided by the Iowa Department of Education. On the form, the parent, guardian, or custodian shall indicate the extracurricular and academic activities in which the student is interested in participating. The forms are available at the central administration office.

 

A dual enrollment student is eligible to participate in the school district’s extracurricular and academic activities in the same manner as other students enrolled in the school district. The policies and administrative rules of the school district shall apply to the dual enrollment students in the same manner as the other students enrolled in the school district. These policies and administrative rules shall include, but not be limited to, athletic eligibility requirements, the good conduct rule, academic eligibility requirements, and payment of the fees required for participation.

 

A dual enrollment student whose parent, guardian, or custodian has chosen standardized testing as the form of the student’s annual assessment will not be responsible for the cost of the test or the administration of the test.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 299A.

                                                281 I.A.C. 31.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/24/2014 

604.9 Foreign Students

Foreign students must meet all district entrance requirements including age, place of residence and immunization. Foreign students must be approved by the board. The board reserves the right to limit the number of foreign students accepted. Students who are citizens of a foreign country will be considered residents if they meet one of the following requirements:

  • The student resides with his/her parent(s) or legal guardian;
  • The student is in the United States with appropriate documentation (Form I-20) from the United States Department of Justice-Immigration and Naturalization Services; or
  • The student is a participant in a recognized foreign exchange program; and
  • The student is physically able to attend school and has provided the school district with such proof, including a current TB test.

 

Legal Reference:                    

Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised            

604.10 Advanced Placement (AP) Classes

Advance placement (AP) classes are rigorous college-level courses designed to enable high-achieving students to expand their knowledge and experiences and to help prepare for college.

 

The student, to be eligible for an AP course, must have demonstrated likelihood of success in college-level courses. The student shall meet at least three of the four criteria listed below to qualify for an AP course through PCM.

  1. Current ITED score composite of 90% or higher.
  2. Overall Grade Point Average (GPA) of 3.5 GPA or higher.
  3. Teacher recommendation.
  4. Identified AP Potential from the PSAT test suggests placement of student into AP course.

 

AP classes are college-level courses and are significantly more rigorous than high school classes. Thus, the grade a student receives in an AP class, except an “F”, is “ratcheted up” per the table below when recorded in PCM’s records and the PCM grade is included in the student’s PCM GPA.

 

            AP Class Grade          =>       PCM Grade (weighting)

                        A                                           AA (5.0)

                        B                                             A (4.0)

                        C                                             B (3.0)

                        D                                             C (2.0)

                        F                                              F (0.0)

 

The student, for their first AP class, may choose to take the class Pass / Fail or for a grade. That decision must be made before the AP course first day of class or it will be assumed the student will take that first class Pass / Fail. All subsequent AP classes for the student, after the first AP class, will be for a grade.

 

AP classes offer a College Board Exam for college credit at the end of the course. Students are not required, per this policy, to take the College Board Exam for each AP class, including AP classes taken Pass / Fail. If student chooses to take the College Board Exam, fees for the College Board Exam are the student’s responsibility.

 

AP classes entail costs for the class, books, and miscellaneous expenses. 

 

The PCM school district will pay for the cost for the class and books (per Policy 604.7). Transportation, if needed, will be the student’s responsibility.

 

 

Approved __8/21/06____       Reviewed 02/20/2017             Revised _02/20/2017   

605 Instructional Materials

605.1 Instructional Materials Selection

The board recognizes that the selection of instructional materials is a vital component of the school district's curriculum. The board has sole discretion to approve instructional materials for the school district. The board delegates its authority to determine which instructional materials will be utilized and purchased by the school district to certified employees. The certified employees will work closely together to ensure vertical and horizontal articulation of textbooks in the education program.

 

The board may appoint an ad hoc committee for the selection of instructional materials. The committee may be composed of school district employees, parents, students, community members or representatives of community groups. In reviewing current instructional materials for continued use and in selecting additional instructional materials, the certified employees will consider the current and future needs of the school district as well as the changes and the trends in education and society. It is the responsibility of the superintendent to report to the board the action taken by the selection committee. In making its recommendations to the superintendent, the certified employees will recommend materials which:

·         Support the educational philosophy, goals and objectives of the school district;

·         Consider the needs, age, and maturity of students;

·         Are within the school district's budget;

·         Foster respect and appreciation for cultural diversity and difference of opinion;

·         Stimulate growth in factual knowledge and literary appreciation;

·         Encourage students to become decision-makers, to exercise freedom of thought and to make independent judgment through the examination and evaluation of relevant information, evidence and differing viewpoints;

·         Portray the variety of careers, roles, and lifestyles open to persons of both sexes; and

·         Increase an awareness of the rights, duties, and responsibilities of each member of a multicultural society.

 

In the case of textbooks, the board will make the final decision after a recommendation from the superintendent. The criteria stated above for selection of instructional materials will also apply to the selection of textbooks. The superintendent may appoint certified employees to assist in the selection of textbooks.

 

Gifts of instructional materials must meet these criteria stated above for the selection of instructional materials.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14; 301.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/20/2017   

605.1R1 Selection of Instructional Materials

  1. Responsibility for Selection of Instructional Materials
    1. The Board is responsible for matters relating to the operation of the PCM Community School District.
    2. The responsibility for the selection of instructional material is delegated to the professionally trained and certified employees of the school system. For the purpose of this rule the term “instructional materials” include printed and multimedia materials (not equipment), whether considered text materials or media center materials. The board retains the final authority for the approval of textbooks.
    3. While selection of materials may involve many people including principals, teachers, students, parents, community members and media specialists, the responsibility for coordinating the selection of most instructional materials and making the recommendation for the purchase rests with certified employees. For the purpose of this rule the term “media specialist” includes librarians or other appropriately licensed person responsible for the selection of media equipment and materials.
    4. Responsibility for coordinating the selection of text materials for distribution to classes will rest with the certified employees, principal and superintendent. For the purpose of this rule the term ‘text materials’ includes textbooks and other printed and unprinted material provided in multiple copies for use of a total class or major segment of a class.
    5. If the board appoints an ad hoc committee to make recommendations on the selection of instructional materials, the ad hoc committee shall be formed and appointed in compliance with the board policy.
      1. The superintendent will inform the committee as to their role and responsibility in the process.
      2. The following statement shall be given to the ad hoc committee members:

 

Bear in mind the principles of the freedom to learn and to read and base your decision on these broad principles rather than on defense of individual materials. Freedom of inquiry is vital to education in a democracy.

 

Study thoroughly all materials referred to you and read available reviews. The general acceptance of the materials should be checked by consulting standard evaluation aids and local holdings in other schools.

 

Passages or parts should not be pulled out of context. The values and faults should be weighed against each other and the opinions based on the material as a whole.

 

Your report, presenting both majority and minority opinions, will be presented by the principal to the complainant at the conclusion of our discussion of the questioned material.

 

  1. Material Selection for use in libraries and classrooms shall meet the following guidelines:
    1. Religion – Material shall represent the major religions in a factual, unbiased manner. The primary source material of the major religions shall be considered appropriate, but material which advocates rather than informs, or is designed to sway reader judgment regarding religion, shall not be included in the school libraries or classrooms.
    2. Racism – Material shall present a diversity of race, custom, culture, and belief as a positive aspect of the nation’s heritage and give candid treatment to unresolved intercultural problems, including those which involve prejudice, discrimination, and the undesirable consequences of withholding rights, freedom, or respect of an individual.
    3. Sexism – Material shall reflect sensitivity to the needs, rights, traits and aspirations of men and women without preference or bias.
    4. Age – Material shall recognize the diverse contributions of various age groups and portray the continuing contributions of maturing members of society.
    5. Ideology – Material shall present basic primary and factual information on an ideology or philosophy of government which exerts or has exerted a strong force, either favorably or unfavorably, over civilization or society, past or present. This material shall not be selected with the intention to sway reader judgment and shall be related to the maturity level of the intended audience.
    6. Profanity and Sex – Material shall be subjected to a test of literary merit and reality by the media specialists and certified staff who will take into consideration their reading of public and community standards of morality.
    7. Controversial issues materials will be directed toward maintaining a balanced collection representing various views.

 

The selection decision should be made on the basis of whether the material presents an accurate representation of society and culture, whether the circumstances depicted are realistically portrayed, or whether the material has literary or social value when the material is viewed as a whole.

 

These guidelines shall not be construed in such a manner as to preclude materials which accurately represent the customs, morals, manners, culture, or society of a different time or a different place.

 

  1. Procedure for Selection
    1. Material purchased for libraries and classrooms shall be recommended for purchase by certified employees, in consultation with administrative staff, media center staff, students or an ad hoc committee as appointed by the board. The material recommended for purchase shall be approved by the appropriate building administrator.
      1. The material selected shall support stated objectives and goals of the school district. Specifically, the goals are:
        1. To acquire materials and provide service consistent with the demands of the curriculum;
        2. To develop students’ skills and resourcefulness in the use of libraries and learning resources;
        3. To effectively guide and counsel students in the selection and use of materials and libraries;
        4. To foster in students a wide range of significant interests;
        5. To provide opportunities for aesthetic experiences and development of an appreciation of the fine arts;
        6. To provide materials to motivate students to examine their own attitudes and behaviors and to comprehend their own duties and responsibilities as citizens in a pluralistic democracy;
        7. To encourage life-long education through the use of the library; and,
        8. To work cooperatively and constructively with the instructional and administrative staff in the school.
      2. Materials selected shall be consistent with stated principles of selection. These principles are:
        1. To select material, within established standards that will meet the goals and objectives of the school district;
        2. To consider the educational characteristics of the community in the selection of materials within a given category;
        3. To present to sexual, racial, religious and ethnic groups in the community by:
          1. Portraying people, both men and women, adults and children, whatever their ethnic, religious or social class identity, as human and recognizable, displaying a familiar range of emotions, both negative and positive.
          2. Placing no constraints on individual aspirations and opportunity.
          3. Giving comprehensive, accurate, and balanced representation to minority groups and women - in art and science, history and literature, and in all other fields of life and culture.
          4. Providing abundant recognition of minority groups and women by showing them frequently in positions of leadership and authority.
        4. To intelligently, quickly, and effectively anticipate and meet needs through awareness of subjects of local, national and international interest and significance; and,
        5. To strive for impartiality in the selection process.
      3. The materials selected shall meet stated selection criteria. These criteria are:
        1. Authority – Author’s qualifications - education, experience, and previously published works;
        2. Reliability:
          1. Accuracy – meaningful organization and emphasis on content, meets the material’s goals and objectives, and presents authoritative and realistic factual material.
          2. Current – presentation of content which is consistent with the finding of recent and authoritative research.
        3. Treatment of subject-shows an objective reflection for the multi-ethnic character and cultural diversity of society.
        4. Language:
          1. Vocabulary:
            1. Does not indicate bias by the use of words which may result in negative value judgments about groups of people;
            2. Does not use “man” or similar limiting word usage in generalization or ambiguities which may cause women to feel excluded or dehumanized.
          2. Compatible to the reading level of the student for whom it is intended.
        5. Format:
          1. Book
            1. Adequate and accurate index;
            2. Paper of good quality and color;
            3. Print adequate and well spaced;
            4. Adequate margins;
            5. Firmly bound; and,
            6. Cost.
          2. Non-book, including software and electronically available materials
            1. Flexibility, adaptability;
            2. Curricular orientation of significant interest to students;
            3. Appropriate for audience;
            4. Accurate authoritative presentation;
            5. Good production qualities (fidelity, aesthetically adequate);
            6. Durability; and,
            7. Cost.
          3. Illustrations of book and non-book materials should:
            1. Depict instances of fully integrated grouping and settings to indicate equal status and non-segregated social relationships.
            2. Make clearly apparent the identity of minorities;
            3. Contain pertinent and effective illustrations;
          4. Flexible to enable the teacher to use parts at a time and not follow a comprehensive instructional program on a rigid frame of reference.
        6. Special Features:
          1. Bibliographies.
          2. Glossary.
          3. Current charts, maps, etc.
          4. Visual aids.
          5. Index.
          6. Special activities to stimulate and challenge students.
          7. Provide a variety of learning skills.
        7. Potential use:
          1. Will it meet the requirements of reference work?
          2. Will it help students with personal problems and adjustments?
          3. Will it serve as a source of information for teachers and librarians?
          4. Does it offer an understanding of cultures other than the student’s own and is it free of racial, religious, age, disability, ethnic, and sexual stereotypes?
          5. Will it expand students’ sphere of understanding and help them to understand the ideas and beliefs of others?
          6. Will it help students and teachers keep abreast of and understand current events?
          7. Will it foster and develop hobbies and special interest?
          8. Will it help develop aesthetic tastes and appreciation?
          9. Will it serve the needs of students with special needs?
          10. Does it inspire learning?
          11. Is it relevant to the subject?
          12. Will it stimulate a student’s interest?
      4. Gifts of library or instructional materials may be accepted if the gift meets existing criteria for library and instructional materials. The acceptance and placement of such gifts shall be within the discretion of the board.
      5. In order to provide a current, highly usable collection of materials, media specialists shall provide for constant and continuing renewal of the collection, not only the addition of up-to-date materials, but by the judicious elimination of materials which no longer meet school district needs or find use. The process of reviewing and eliminating instructional materials will be done according to established and accepted standards for determining the relevance and value of materials in a given context.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/20/2017 

605.2 Instructional Materials Inspection

Parents and other members of the school district community may view the instructional materials used by the students. All instructional materials, including teacher’s manuals, visual or audio materials, or other supplementary material which will be used in connection with any survey, analysis, or evaluation as part of any federally funded programs must be available for inspection by parents.

 

The instructional materials must be viewed on school district premises. Copies may be obtained according to board policy.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop administrative regulations regarding the inspection of instructional materials.

 

 

Legal Reference:                   

Goals 2000:  Educate America Act, Pub. L. No. 103-227,108

Stat. 125 (1994).

Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14; 301.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/20/2017   

605.3 Objection to Instructional Materials

Members of the school district community may object to the instructional materials utilized in the school district and ask for their use to be reconsidered.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent, in conjunction with the principals, to develop administrative regulations for reconsideration of instructional materials.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14; 301.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

605.3E1 Instructions to the Reconsideration Committee

The policy of this school district related to selection of learning materials states that any resident of the district may formally challenge instructional materials used in the district’s education program. This policy allows those persons in the school and the community who are not directly involved in the selection of materials to make their own opinions known. The task of the reconsideration committee is to provide an open forum for discussion of challenged materials and to make an informed decision on the challenge.

 

The most critical component of the reconsideration process is the establishment and maintenance of the committee’s credibility in the community. For this purpose, the committee is composed of community members. The community should not, therefore, infer that the committee is biased or is obligated to uphold prior professional decisions. For this same reason, a community member will be selected to chair the committee.

 

The reconsideration process, the task of this committee, is just one part of the selection continuum. Material is purchased to meet a need. It is reviewed and examined, if possible, prior to purchase. It is periodically re-evaluated through updating, discarding, or re-examination. The committee must be ready to acknowledge that an error in selection may have been made despite this process. Librarians and school employees regularly read great numbers of reviews in the selection process, and occasional errors are possible.

 

In reconsidering challenged materials, the role of the committee, and particularly the chairperson, is to produce a climate for disagreement. However, the committee should begin by finding items of agreement, keeping in mind that the larger the group participating, the great the amount of information available and, therefore, the greater the number of possible approaches to the problem.

 

If the complainant chooses, the complainant may make an oral presentation to the committee to expand and elaborate on the complaint. The committee will listen to the new complaint, to those with special knowledge, and any other interested persons. In these discussions, the committee should be aware of relevant social pressures which are affecting the situation. Individuals who may try to dominate or impose a decision must not be allowed to do so. Minority viewpoints expressed by groups or individuals must be heard, and observers must be made to feel welcome. It is important that the committee create a calm, nonvolatile environment in which to deal with a potentially volatile situation. To this end, the complainant will be kept continuously informed of the progress of the complaint.

 

The committee will listen to the views of all interested person before reaching a decision. In deliberating its decision, the committee should remember that the school system must be responsive to the needs, tastes, and opinions of the community it serves. Therefore, the committee must distinguish between broad community sentiment and attempts to impose personal standards. The deliberations should concentrate on the appropriateness of the material. The question to be answered by the committee is, “Is the material appropriate for its designated audience at this time?”

 

The committee’s final recommendation will be (1) to remove the challenged material from the total school environment, (2) to take no removal action, or (3) to agree on a limitation of the educational use of the materials.

 

The committee chairperson will instruct the secretary to convey the committee’s recommendation to the office of the superintendent. The recommendation should detail the rationale on which it was based. A letter will be sent to the complainant outlining the committee’s final decision.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

605.3R1 Reconsideration of Instructional Materials Regulation

A.    A resident of the school district may raise an objection to instructional materials used in the school district’s education program despite the fact that the individuals selecting such materials were duly qualified to make the selection and followed the proper procedure and observed the criteria for selecting such material.

 

  1. The school official or employee receiving a complaint regarding instructional materials shall try to resolve the issue informally. The materials generally will remain in use pending the outcome of the reconsideration procedure.

 

  1. The school official or employee initially receiving a complaint shall explain to the individual the board’s selection procedure, criteria to be met by the instructional materials, and qualifications of those persons selecting the material.

 

  1. The school official or employee initially receiving a complaint shall explain to the individual the role of the objected material in the education program, its intended educational purpose, and additional information regarding its use. In the alternative, the employee may refer the individual to the media specialist who can identify and explain the use of the material.

 

  1. The employee receiving the initial complaint shall advise the building principal of the initial contact no later than the end of the school day following the discussion with the individual, whether or not the individual has been satisfied by the initial contact. A written record of the contact shall be maintained by the principal in charge of the attendance center. Each building principal shall inform employees of their obligation to report complaints.

 

  1. In the event the individual making an objection to instructional materials is not satisfied with the initial explanation, the individual shall be referred to the principal or to the media specialist of the attendance center. If, after consultation with the principal or media specialist, the individual desires to file a formal complaint, the principal or media specialist will assist in filling out a Reconsideration Request Form in full and filing it with the superintendent.

 

B.    Request for Reconsideration

  1. A resident of the school district may formally challenge instructional materials on the basis of appropriateness used in the school district’s education program. This procedure is for the purpose of considering the opinions of those persons in the school district and the community who are not directly involved in the selection process.

 

  1. Each attendance center and the school district’s central administrative office will keep on hand and make available Reconsideration Request Forms. Formal objections to instructional materials must be made on this form.

 

  1. The individual shall state the specific reason the instructional material is being challenged. The Reconsideration Request Form shall be signed by the individual and filed with the superintendent.

 

  1. The superintendent shall promptly file the objection with the reconsideration committee for re-evaluation.
  2. Generally, access to challenged instructional material shall not be restricted during the reconsideration process. However, in unusual circumstances, the instructional material may be removed temporarily by following the provisions of Section B.6.d. of this rule.

 

  1. The Reconsideration Committee

 

  1. The reconsideration committee shall be made up of eight members.
    1. One certified employee designated annually, as needed, by the superintendent.
    2. One media specialist designated annually by the superintendent.
    3. One member of the administrative team designated annually by the superintendent.
    4. Three members of the community appointed annually, as needed, by the board.
    5. Two high school students, selected annually by the high school principal.

 

  1. The committee shall select their chairperson and secretary.

 

  1. The committee shall meet at the request of the superintendent.

 

  1. Special meetings may be called by the superintendent to consider temporary removal of materials in unusual circumstances. Temporary removal shall require a two-thirds vote of the committee.

 

  1. Notice of committee meetings shall be made public through appropriate publications and other communications methods.

 

  1. The committee shall receive the completed Reconsideration Request Form from the superintendent.

 

  1. The committee shall determine its agenda for the first meeting which may include the following:
    1. Distribution of copies of the completed Reconsideration Request Form.
    2. An opportunity for the individual or a group spokesperson to talk about or expand on the Reconsideration Request Form.
    3. Distribution of reputable, professionally prepared reviews of the challenged instructional material if available.
    4. Distribution of copies of the challenged instructional material as available.

 

  1. The committee may review the selection process for the challenged instructional material and, to its satisfaction, determine that the challenge is without merit and dismiss the challenge. The committee will notify the individual and the superintendent of its action.

 

  1. At a subsequent meeting, if held, interested persons, including the individual filing the challenge, may have the opportunity to share their views. The committee may request that individuals with special knowledge be present to give information to the committee.

 

  1. The individual filing the challenge shall be kept informed by the reconsideration committee secretary on the status of the Reconsideration Request Form throughout the reconsideration process. The individual filing the challenge and known interested parties shall be given appropriate notice of meetings.

 

  1. At the second or a subsequent meeting the committee shall make its final recommendation. The committee’s final recommendation may be to take no removal action, to remove the challenged material from the school environment, or to limit the educational use of the challenged material. The sole criterion for the final recommendation is the appropriateness of the material for its intended education use. The written recommendation and its justification shall be forwarded to the board, the superintendent, the individual and the appropriate attendance centers.

 

Following the superintendent’s decision with respect to the committee’s recommendation, the individual or the chairperson of the reconsideration committee may appeal the decision to the board for review. Such appeal must be presented to the superintendent in writing within five days following the announcement of the superintendent’s decision. The board will promptly determine whether to hear the appeal.

 

  • A recommendation to sustain a challenge shall not be interpreted as a judgment of irresponsibility on the part of the individuals involved in the original selection or use of the material.

 

  1. Requests to reconsider materials which have previously been reconsidered by the committee must receive approval of two-thirds of the committee members before the materials will again be reconsidered. Completed and filed Reconsideration Request Forms shall be acted upon by the committee.

 

  • If necessary or appropriate in the judgment of the committee, the committee may appoint a subcommittee of members or nonmembers to consolidate challenges and to make recommendations to the full committee. The composition of this subcommittee shall approximate the representation of the full committee.

 

  • Committee members directly associated with the selection, use, or challenger of the challenged material shall be excused from the committee during the deliberation of the challenged instructional materials. The superintendent may appoint a temporary replacement for the excused committee member, but the replacement shall be of the same general qualifications as the member excused.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 02/20/2017     Revised 02/20/2017  

605.4 Technology and Instructional Materials

The board supports the use of innovative methods and the use of technology in the delivery of the education program. The board encourages employees to investigate economic ways to utilize instructional television, audiovisual materials, computers, and other technological advances as a part of the curriculum.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop a plan for the use of technology in the curriculum and to evaluate it annually. The superintendent shall report the results of the evaluation and make a recommendation to the board annually regarding the use of technology in the curriculum.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5(10), .5(22).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

605.4R1 Appropriate Use of Computers, Computer-Like Equipment, Computer Network Systems, and the Internet

The board is committed to making available to students and staff members access to a wide range of electronic learning facilities, equipment, and software, including computers, computer-like equipment (such as tablets), computer network systems, and the internet. The goal in providing this technology and access is to support the educational objectives and mission of the school district and to promote resource sharing, innovation, problem solving, and communication. The District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network and/or internet connection is not a public access service or a public forum. The District has the right to place reasonable restrictions on the material accessed and/or posted through the use of its computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and/or internet connection.

 

Access to the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and internet shall be available to all students and staff within the District. However, access is a privilege, not a right. Each student and staff member must have a signed acceptable use agreement on file prior to having access to and using the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network and the internet. The amount of time and type of access available for each student and staff member may be limited by the District’s technology and the demands for the use of the District’s technology. Even if students have not been given access to and/or use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network and the internet, they may still be exposed to information from the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network and/or the internet in guided curricular activities at the discretion of their teachers. Non-District owned devices will not be given access to the computer network unless approved by building administration.

 

Every computer and/or computer-like equipment in the District having internet access shall not be operated unless internet access from the computer is subject to a technology protection measure (i.e. filtering software). The technology protection measure employed by the District shall be designed and operated with the intent to ensure that students are not accessing inappropriate sites that have visual depictions that include obscenity, child pornography or are otherwise harmful to minors. The technology protection measure may only be disabled for an adult’s use if such use is for bona fide research or other lawful purposes.

 

The technology coordinator may close a user account at any time as required and administrators, faculty, and staff may request the technology coordinator to deny, revoke or suspend user accounts. Any user identified as a security risk or having a history of problems with computer systems may be denied access to the District’s computers, the District’s computer-like equipment, the District’s computer network systems and the internet. Students and staff members will be instructed by the District’s technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel on the appropriate use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment computer network and the internet.

 

The use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and internet access shall be for educational purposes only. Students and staff members shall only engage in appropriate, ethical, and legal utilization of the District’s computers, computer network systems, and internet access. Student and staff member use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and internet access shall also comply with all District policies and regulations. The following rules provide guidance to students and staff for the appropriate use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and internet access. Inappropriate use and/or access will result in the restriction and/or termination of the privilege of access to and use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network and internet access and may result in further discipline for students up to and including expulsion and/or other legal action and may result in further discipline for staff members up to and including termination of employment and/or other legal action. The District’s administration will determine what constitutes inappropriate use and their decision will be final. Inappropriate use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network, and internet access includes, but is not limited to a violation of the following rules:

  • Do not make or disseminate offensive or harassing statements or use offensive or harassing language including disparagement of others based on age, color, creed, national origin, race, religion, marital status, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, physical attributes, physical or mental ability or disability, ancestry, political party preference, political belief, socioeconomic status, or familial status. Do not swear, use vulgarities or any other inappropriate language. Be polite and follow the same privacy, ethical, educational, and other considerations observed regarding other forms of communication.
  • Do not access, create or disseminate any material that is obscene, libelous, indecent, vulgar, profane or lewd; any material regarding products or services that are inappropriate for minors including products or services that the possession and/or use of by minors is prohibited by law; any material that constitutes insulting or fighting words, the very expression of which injures or harasses others; and/or any material that presents a clear and present likelihood that, either because of its content or the manner of distribution, will cause a material and substantial disruption of the proper and orderly operation and discipline of the school or school activities, will cause the commission of unlawful acts or will cause the violation of lawful school regulations.
  • Do not disseminate or solicit sexually oriented messages or images.
  • Do not transmit your credit card information or other personal identification information, including your home address or telephone number from any District computer without prior permission from the building principal, the superintendent or other appropriate personnel. Do not publish personal or private information about yourself or others on the internet without prior written permission. Do not repost a message that was sent to you privately without permission of the person who sent the message. If any information is to be provided regarding students, it should be limited to the student’s first name and the initial of the student’s last name only. Do not arrange or agree to meet with someone met online.
  • Do not use the District’s computers, computer-like equipment and/or computer network systems to participate in illegal activities. Illegal activities include, but are not limited to, gambling, fraud, and pornography.
  • Do not subscribe to or access listservs, bulletin boards, online services, e-mail services, social networking sites (i.e., MySpace, Facebook, Twitter) or other similar services without prior permission from the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel.
  • Do not use, possess or attempt to make or distribute illegal/unauthorized copies of software or other digital media. Illegal/unauthorized software or other digital media means any software or other digital media that has been downloaded or copied or is otherwise in the user’s possession or being used without the appropriate registration and/or license for the software or in violation of any applicable trademarks and/or copyrights, including the payment of any fees to the owner of the software or other digital media.
  • Do not alter, modify, corrupt or harm in any way the computer software stored on the District’s computers or computer network systems. Do not install any software on the hard drive of any District computer or on the District’s computer network systems or run any personal software media or alter or modify any data files stored on the District’s computers, computer-like equipment or computer network systems without prior permission and/or supervision from the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel.
  • Do not download any programs or files from the internet without prior permission from the District’s technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel. Any programs or files downloaded from the internet shall be strictly limited only to those that you have received permission from the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel to download.
  • Do not use any encryption software from any access point within the District.
  • Do not access the internet from a District computer and/or computer-like equipment using a non-District internet account.
  • Do not share a personal user account with anyone. Do not share any personal user account passwords with anyone or leave your account open or unattended.
  • Do not access the District’s computers, computer-like equipment or computer network systems or use the District’s internet connection from a non-District computer without prior authorization from the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel.
  • Do not use an instant messenger service or program, internet relay chat or other forms of direct electronic communication or enter a chat room while using the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems and/or the District’ internet connection without prior permission from the District’s technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel.
  • Do not disable or circumvent or attempt to disable or circumvent filtering software without prior permission from the District’s technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel.
  • Do not play any games or run any programs that are not related to the District’s educational program.
  • Do not vandalize the District’s computers, computer-like equipment or its computer network systems. Vandalism is defined as any attempt to harm, modify, deface or destroy physical computer equipment, computer-like equipment or the computer network and any attempt to harm or destroy data stored on the District’s computer equipment, computer-like equipment or the computer network or the data of another user. All users are expected to immediately report any problems or vandalism of computer equipment to the administration, the technology coordinator or the instructor responsible for the equipment.
  • Do not commit or attempt to commit any act that disrupts the operation of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment or computer network systems or any network connected to the internet, including the use or attempted use or possession of computer viruses or worms or participation in hacking or other unlawful/inappropriate activities on line. Users must report any security breaches or system misuse to the administration or technology coordinator. Do not demonstrate any security or other network problems to other users; give your password to another user for any reason; and/or use another individual's account. Do not attempt to log on to any device as a system administrator.
  • Do not use the network in such a way that you would disrupt the use of the network by other users or would waste system resources (e.g. listening to internet radio, printing web pages without prior permission from the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel, staying on the network longer than is necessary to obtain needed information).
  • Do not use the District’s computers, computer-like equipment and/or computer network systems for any commercial or for-profit purposes, personal or private business, (including but not limited to shopping or job searching), product advertisement or political lobbying.
  • Do not use the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems and/or the internet to access, download, transmit, and/or disseminate any material in violation of any federal or state law, copyrighted material, obscene material, hate literature, material protected by trade secret, computer viruses and/or worms, offensive material, spam e-mails, any threatening or harassing materials, and/or any material that will cause a material and substantial disruption of the proper and orderly operation and discipline of the school or school activities. If a user encounters potentially inappropriate information, the user shall immediately terminate contact with such information and notify the technology coordinator or other appropriate personnel of the contact with inappropriate information.
  • Do not plagiarize information accessed through the District’s computer; computer-like equipment, computer network systems and/or the internet. Students and staff shall obtain permission from appropriate parties prior to using copyrighted material that is accessed through the District’s computer, computer network systems, and/or the internet.

 

The District will, within the curriculum currently being offered, include age-appropriate content related to children’s use of the internet. This may include anti-bullying and harassment considerations, social networking considerations and other considerations involving internet usage.

 

Although reasonable efforts will be made to make sure students will be under supervision while on the network, it is not possible to constantly monitor individual students and what they are accessing on the network. Some students may encounter information that may not be of educational value and/or may be inappropriate. If a student encounters such information, the student should terminate access to the information immediately and notify supervisory personnel or other appropriate personnel of what occurred.

 

Students will be able to access the District’s computers, computer-like equipment and computer network systems, including use of the internet, through their teachers and/or other appropriate supervisors. Individual electronic mail addresses (will/will not) be issued to students. Students will not be allowed to use e-mail except under very specific, limited educational circumstances. If a student has an electronic mail address that has been set up outside of school, the student will not be permitted to access that e-mail account or use that address to send and receive mail at school.

 

Parents will be required to sign a permission form to allow their students to access the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems and the internet. Students and staff members will sign a form acknowledging they have read and understand the District’s policies and regulations regarding appropriate use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems and the internet; that they will comply with the policies and regulations; and understand the consequences for violation of the policy or regulations. Prior to publishing any student work and/or pictures on the internet, the District will obtain written permission from the student’s parents to do so.

 

The District has the right, but not the duty, to monitor any and all aspects of its computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems and internet access including, but not limited to, monitoring sites students and staff visit on the internet and reviewing e-mail. The administration and the technology coordinator shall have both the authority and right to examine all computer and computer-like equipment and internet activity including any logs, data, e-mail, computer disks and/or other computer related records of any user of the system. The use of e-mail is limited to District and educational purposes only. Students and staff waive any right to privacy in anything they create, store, send, disseminate or receive on the District’s computers, computer-like equipment and computer network systems, including the internet.

 

No warranties, expressed or implied, are made by the District for the computer technology and internet access being provided. Although the District has taken measures to implement and maintain protection against the presence of computer viruses, spyware, and malware on the District’s computers, computer network systems, and internet access, the District cannot and does not warranty or represent that the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems or internet access will be secure and free of computer viruses, spyware or malware at all times. The District, including its officers and employees, will not be responsible for any damages including, but not limited to, the loss of data, delays, non-deliveries, misdeliveries or service interruptions caused by negligence or omission. Individual users are solely responsible for making backup copies of their data. The District is not responsible for the accuracy of information that users access on the internet and is not responsible for any unauthorized charges students or staff members may incur as a result of their use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems, and/or internet access. Any risk and/or damages resulting from information obtained from the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems, and/or internet access is assumed by and is the responsibility of the user.

 

Students, parents, and staff members may be asked from time to time to sign a new consent and/or acceptable use agreement to reflect changes and/or developments in the law or technology. When students, parents, and staff members are presented with new consent and/or acceptable use agreements to sign, these agreements must be signed for students and/or staff to continue to have access to and use of the District’s computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems, and the internet.

 

The interpretation, application, and modification of this policy are within the sole discretion of the school district. Any questions or issues regarding this policy should be directed to the Superintendent, any building principal or the technology coordinator. The board will review and update this policy as necessary. The district will maintain this policy at least five (5) years after the termination of funding pursuant to the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) or E-rate.

 

Legal References:      17 U.S.C.  @ 101 et. Al.

                                    281 I.A.C.  12.3 (12).

                                    281 I.A.C.  12.3 (8)

                                    Iowa Code  @280.22

 

Approved 08/17/2009      Reviewed_04/17/2017_    Revised_07/18/2013_

Uploaded Files: 

605.4R2 Computer and/or Tablet Policy

The PCM Community School District has computers and/or tablets for its faculty members and/or students to use inside and outside of school in order to enhance, enrich, and facilitate learning and teaching and to aid in administrative duties and school communications. All computers, tablets, and related equipment are school district property. The use of the district’s computers, tablets, and related equipment shall be subject to all of the terms and conditions set out in the district’s policies on appropriate use of computers, computer-like equipment, computer network systems, and the internet.

 

Staff Members’ Use of District’s Computer and/or Tablet

Prior to using the district’s computers, tablets, and related equipment, staff members will sign a Staff Computer and/or Tablet Acceptance Form and Consent to Use of the District’s Computers, Computer-Like Equipment, Computer Network Systems, and Internet Access and agree to all outlined policies before being issued a computer and/or tablet. Staff members shall not attempt to install software or hardware or change the system configuration, including any network settings, on any district computer and/or tablet without prior consultation with the district’s technology department. Staff members shall not attempt to change or modify in any way any related equipment that they are issued with the district’s computer and/or tablet.

 

Staff members shall protect district computers, tablets, and related equipment from damage and theft. Each staff member shall be responsible for any damage to the computer, tablet, related equipment, or the computer’s hardware and/or software they have been issued from the time it is issued to them until the time it is turned back in to the district (including labor costs). Staff members who choose to store school data, such as grades, tests, or exams, on district computers and/or tablets are required to back up this data on the district’s network as a safety precaution against data loss.

 

Students’ Use of District’s Computer and/or Tablet

Prior to using the district’s computers, tablets, and related equipment, a parent/guardian and/or the student with sign a Consent to Student Use of the District’s Computers, Computer-Like Equipment, Computer Network Systems, and Internet Access and agree to all outlined policies, including those stated in the Student 1:1 Handbook, before being issued a computer and/or tablet.

 

Students shall protect district computers, tablets, and related equipment from damage and theft. Each student shall be responsible for any damage to the computer, tablet, related equipment, or the computer’s hardware and/or software they have been issued from the time it is issued to them until the time it is turned back in to the district (including labor costs).

 

Approved 04/17/2017   Reviewed                Revised             

605.5 Media Centers

The school district shall maintain a media center in each building for use by employees and by students during the school day.

 

Materials for the center will be acquired according to board policy, “Instructional Materials Selection.”

 

It shall be the responsibility of the principal of the building in which the media center is located to oversee the use of materials in the media center.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to develop procedures for the selection and replacement of both library and instructional materials, for the acceptance of gifts, for the weeding of library and instructional materials, and for the handling of challenges to either library or classroom materials.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14; 301.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.5(22).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

605.5R1 Library Material Weeding Regulations and Criteria

The collection of the PCM Community School libraries will be continually reevaluated in relation to evolving curriculum, new formats of materials, new instructional methods and the needs of its users. Materials no longer appropriate should be removed and replaced with materials containing more current and accurate information. Lost and worn materials of lasting value should be replaced when possible. Weeding is essential to maintaining a relevant attractive collection.

 

The following guidelines are to be taken into consideration when weeding the collection:

  1. Are in poor physical condition.
  2. Contain outdated information.
  3. Are inappropriate for the age level being served.
  4. No longer support the curriculum.
  5. Have not circulated in the last five years.
  6. Have multiple copies – unless specified by teachers that multiple copies are need.
  7. Contain racial, ethnic and religious stereotypes – except when presented in an historical context.

Material that has been weeded will be:

  1. Recycled when possible.
  2. Bagged and tagged for destruction.

 

Approved   05/21/01       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 03/20/2017  

605.6 Use of Information Resources

In order for students to experience a diverse curriculum, the board encourages employees to supplement their regular curricular materials with other resources. In so doing, the board recognizes that federal law makes it illegal to duplicate copyrighted materials without authorization of the holder of the copyright, except for certain exempt purposes. Severe penalties may be imposed for plagiarism, unauthorized copying or using of media, including, but not limited to, print, electronic and web-based materials, unless the copying or using conforms to the "fair use" doctrine. Under the "fair use” doctrine, unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted materials is permissible for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research providing that all fair use guidelines are met.

While the school district encourages employees to enrich the learning programs by making proper use of supplementary materials, it is the responsibility of employees to abide by the school district's copying procedures and obey the requirements of the law. In no circumstances shall it be necessary for school district staff to violate copyright requirements in order to perform their duties properly. The school district will not be responsible for any violations of the copyright law by employees or students. Violation of the copyright law by employees may result in discipline up to, and including, termination. Violation of the copyright law by students may result in discipline, up to and including, suspension or expulsion.

Parents or others who wish to record, by any means, school programs or other activities need to realize that even though the school district received permission to perform a copyrighted work does not mean outsiders can copy it and re-play it. Those who wish to do so should contact the employee in charge of the activity to determine what the process is to ensure the copyright law is followed. The school district is not responsible for outsiders violating the copyright law or this policy.

Any employee or student who is uncertain as to whether reproducing or using copyrighted material complies with the school district's procedures or is permissible under the law should contact the teacher-­librarian who will also assist employees and students in obtaining proper authorization to copy or use protected material when such authorization is required.

It is the responsibility of the superintendent, in conjunction with the principal to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.

 

Legal Reference:       

Iowa Code Title XVII, U.S. Code (P.L. 94 - 553, 10/19/76)

Agreement on Guidelines for Classroom Copying in Not-for-Profit Educational Institutions (H.R.94-1476)

Computer Software Copyright, Title XVII, U.S. Code (P.L. 96-517).

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 03/20/2017 

605.6R1 Use of Information Resources Regulation

Employees and students may make copies of copyrighted materials that fall within the following guidelines. Where there is reason to believe the material to be copied does not fall within these guidelines, prior permission shall be obtained from the publisher or producer with the assistance of the librarian. Employees and students who fail to follow this procedure may be held personally liable for copyright infringement and may be subject to discipline by the board.

 

Under the "fair use'' doctrine, unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted materials is permissible for such purposes as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship or research. Under the fair use doctrine, each of the following four standards must be met in order to use the copyrighted document:

  • Purpose and Character of the Use - The use must be for such purposes as teaching or scholarship.
  • Nature of the Copyrighted Work - The type of work to be copied.
  • Amount and Substantiality of the Portion Used - Copying the whole of a work cannot be considered fair use; copying a small portion may be if these guidelines are followed.
  • Effect of the Use Upon the Potential Market for or value of the Copyrighted Work - If resulting economic loss to the copyright holder can be shown, even making a single copy of certain materials may be an infringement, and making multiple copies presents the danger of greater penalties.

 

Authorized Reproduction and Use of Copyrighted Material Reminders

  • Materials on the Internet should be used with caution since they may, and likely are, copyrighted.
  • Proper attribution (author, title, publisher, place and date of publication) should always be given.
  • Notice should be taken of any alterations to copyrighted works, and such alterations should only be made for specific instructional objectives.
  • Care should be taken in circumventing any technological protection measures. While materials copied pursuant to fair use may be copied after circumventing technological protections against unauthorized copying, technological protection measures to block access to materials may not be circumvented.

 

In preparing for instruction, a teacher may make or have made a single copy of:

  • A chapter from a book;
  • An article from a newspaper or periodical;
  • A short story, short essay or short poem; or,
  • A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from a book, periodical or newspaper.

 

A teacher may make multiple copies not exceeding more than one per pupil, for classroom use or discussion, if the copying meets the tests of “brevity, spontaneity and cumulative effect" set by the following guidelines. Each copy must include a notice of copyright.

  • Brevity
    • A complete poem, if less than 250 words and two pages long, may be copied: excerpts from longer poems cannot exceed 250 words;
    • Complete articles, stories or essays of less than 2500 words or excerpts from prose works less than 1000 words or 10% of the work, whichever is less may be copied; in any event, the minimum is 500 words;
    • Each numerical limit may be expanded to permit the completion of an unfinished line of a poem or prose paragraph;
    • One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture per book or periodical issue may be copied. "Special" works cannot be reproduced in full; this includes children's books combining poetry, prose or poetic prose. Short special works may be copied up to two published pages containing not more than 10 percent of the work.
  • Spontaneity - Should be at the "instance and inspiration" of the individual teacher when there is not a reasonable length of time to request and receive permission to copy.
  • Cumulative Effect - Teachers are limited to using copied material for only one course for which copies are made. No more than one short poem, article, story or two excerpts from the same author may be copied, and no more than three works can be copied from a collective work or periodical column during one class term. Teachers are limited to nine instances of multiple copying for one course during one class term. Limitations do not apply to current news periodicals, newspapers and current news sections of other periodicals.

 

Copying Limitations

Circumstances will arise when employees are uncertain whether or not copying is prohibited. In those circumstances, the librarian should be contacted. The following prohibitions have been expressly stated in federal guidelines:

  • Reproduction of copyrighted material shall not be used to create or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works.
  • Unless expressly permitted by agreement with the publisher and authorized by school district action, there shall be no copying from copyrighted consumable materials such as workbooks, exercises, test booklets, answer sheets and the like.
  • Employees shall not:
    • Use copies to substitute for the purchase of books, periodicals, music recordings, consumable works such as workbooks, computer software or other copyrighted material. Copy or use the same item from term to term without the copyright owner's permission;
    • Copy or use more than nine instances of multiple copying of protected material in anyone term;
    • Copy or use more than one short work or two excerpts from works of the same author in any one term;
    • Copy or use protected material without including a notice of copyright. The following is a satisfactory notice: NOTICE: THIS MATERIAL MAY BE PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT LAW.
    • Reproduce or use copyrighted material at the direction of someone in higher authority or copy or use such material in emulation of some other teacher's use of copyrighted material without permission of the copyright owner.
    • Require other employees or students to violate the copyright law or fair use guidelines.

 

Authorized Reproduction and Use of Copyrighted Materials in the Library

A library may make a single copy or three digital copies of:

  • An unpublished work in its collection;
  • A published work in order to replace it because it is damaged, deteriorated, lost or stolen, provided that an unused replacement cannot be obtained at a fair price.
  • A work that is being considered for acquisition, although use is strictly limited to that decision. Technological protection measures may be circumvented for purposes of copying materials in order to make an acquisition decision.

 

A library may provide a single copy of copyrighted material to a student or employee at no more than the actual cost of photocopying. The copy must be limited to one article of a periodical issue or a small part of other material, unless the library finds that the copyrighted work cannot be obtained elsewhere at a fair price. In the latter circumstance, the entire work may be copied. In any case, the copy shall contain the notice of copyright and the student or staff member shall be notified that the copy is to be used only for private study, scholarship or research. Any other use may subject the person to liability for copyright infringement.

 

Authorized Reproduction and Use of Copyrighted Music or Dramatic Works

 Teachers may:

  • Make a single copy of a song, movement, or short section from a printed musical or dramatic work that is unavailable except in a larger work for purposes of preparing for instruction;
  • Make multiple copies for classroom use of an excerpt of not more than 10% of a printed musical work if it is to be used for academic purposes other than performance, provided that the excerpt does not comprise a part of the whole musical work which would constitute a performable unit such as a complete section, movement, or song;
  • In an emergency, a teacher may make and use replacement copies of printed music for an imminent musical performance when the purchased copies have been lost, destroyed or are otherwise not available,
  • Make and retain a single recording of student performances of copyrighted material when it is made for purposes of evaluation or rehearsal;
  • Make and retain a single copy of excerpts from recordings of copyrighted musical works for use as aural exercises or examination questions; and,
  • Edit or simplify purchased copies of music or plays provided that the fundamental character of the work is not distorted. Lyrics shall not be altered or added if none exist.

 

Performance by teachers or students of copyrighted musical or dramatic works is permitted without the authorization of the copyright owner as part of a teaching activity in a classroom or instructional setting. The purpose shall be instructional rather than for entertainment.

 

Performances of non-dramatic musical works that are copyrighted are permitted without the authorization of the copyright owner, provided that:

  • The performance is not for a commercial purpose;
  • None of the performers, promoters or organizers are compensated; and,
  • Admission fees are used for educational or charitable purposes only.

 

All other musical and dramatic performances require permission from the copyright owner. Parents or others wishing to record a performance should check with the sponsor to ensure compliance with copyright.

 

Recording of Copyrighted Programs

Television programs, excluding news programs, transmitted by commercial and non-commercial television stations for reception by the general public without charge may be recorded off-air simultaneously with broadcast transmission (including simultaneous cable retransmission) and retained by a school for a period not to exceed the first forty-five (45) consecutive calendar days after date of recording. Upon conclusion of this retention period, all off-air recordings must be erased or destroyed immediately. Certain programming such as that provided on public television may be exempt from this provision; check with the librarian or the subscription database, e.g. united streaming.

 

Off-air recording may be used once by individual teachers in the course of instructional activities, and repeated once only when reinforcement is necessary, within a building, during the first 10 consecutive school days, excluding scheduled interruptions, in the 45 calendar day retention period. Off-air recordings may be made only at the request of and used by individual teachers and may not be regularly recorded in anticipation of requests. No broadcast program may be recorded off-air more than once at the request of the same teacher, regardless of the number of times the program may be broadcast. A limited number of copies may be reproduced from each off-air recording to meet the legitimate needs of teachers. Each additional copy shall be subject to all provisions governing the original recording.

 

After the first ten consecutive school days, off-air recordings may be used up to the end of the 45 calendar day retention period only for evaluation purposes, i.e., to determine whether or not to include the broadcast program in the teaching curriculum. Permission must be secured from the publisher before the recording can be used for instructional purposes after the 10 day period.

 

Off-air recordings need not be used in their entirety, but the recorded programs may not be altered from their original content. Off-air recordings may not be physically or electronically combined or merged to constitute teaching anthologies or compilations. All copies of off-air recordings must include the copyright notice on the broadcast program as recorded.

 

Authorized Reproduction and Use of Copyrighted Computer Software

Schools have a valid need for high-quality software at reasonable prices. To assure a fair return to the authors of software programs, the school district shall support the legal and ethical issues involved in copyright laws and any usage agreements that are incorporated into the acquisition of software programs. To this end, the following guidelines shall be in effect:

  • All copyright laws and publisher license agreements between the vendor and the school district shall be observed;
  • Staff members shall take reasonable precautions to prevent copying or the use of unauthorized copies on school equipment;
  • A back-up copy shall be purchased, for use as a replacement when a program is lost or damaged. If the vendor is not able to supply a replacement, the school district shall make a back-up copy that will be used for replacement purposes only;
  • A copy of the software license agreement shall be retained by the technology director or librarian; and,
  • A computer program may be adapted by adding to the content or changing the language. The adapted program may not be distributed.

 

Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

Students may incorporate portions of copyrighted materials in producing educational multimedia projects such as videos, Power Points, podcasts and web sites for a specific course, and may perform, display or retain the projects.

 

Educators may perform or display their own multimedia ­based instructional activities. These projects may be used:

  • In face-to-face instruction;
  • In demonstrations and presentations, including conferences;
  • In assignments to students;
  • For remote instruction if distribution of the signal is limited;
  • Over a network that cannot prevent duplication for fifteen days, after fifteen days a copy may be saved on-site only: or,
  • In their personal portfolios.

 

Educators may use copyrighted materials in a multimedia project for two years, after that permission must be requested and received.

 

The following limitations restrict the portion of any given work that may be used pursuant to fair use in an educational multimedia project:

  • Motion media: ten percent or three minutes, whichever is less;
  • Text materials: ten percent or 1,000 words, whichever is less:
  • Poetry: an entire poem of fewer than 250 words, but no more than three poems from one author or five poems from an anthology. For poems of greater than 250 words, excerpts of up to 250 words may be used, but no more than three excerpts from one poet or five excerpts from an anthology:
  • Music, lyrics and music video: Up to ten percent, but no more than thirty seconds. No alterations that change the basic melody or fundamental character of the work;
  • Illustrations, cartoons and photographs: No more than five images by an artist, and no more than ten percent or fifteen images whichever is less from a collective work;
  • Numerical data sets: Up to ten percent or 2,500 field or cell entries, whichever is less;

 

Fair use does not include posting a student or teacher's work on the Internet if it includes portions of copyrighted materials. Permission to copy shall be obtained from the original copyright holder(s) before such projects are placed online. The opening screen of such presentations shall include notice that permission was granted and materials are restricted from further use.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 03/20/2017 

606 Instructional Arrangements

606.2 Class Size - Class Grouping

It shall be within the sole discretion of the board to determine the size of classes and to determine whether class grouping shall take place. The board shall review the class sizes annually.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to make a recommendation to the board on class size based upon the budget of the school district, the qualifications of and number of certificated personnel, and other factors deemed relevant to the board such as instructional methods used, physical space, equipment and materials available, educational research, etc.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8, 280.3.

 

Approved   3/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017       Revised 3/18/96  

606.2R1 Class Size - Class Grouping Regulation

High School

Courses are either required or elective. Class size, therefore, depends on the physical space, equipment, instructional materials available, qualified personnel and other factors that may determine if a class is offered and/or taught.

 

Middle School

Class size will primarily follow the middle school concept. The above factors will also determine if a subject is offered and/or taught.

 

Elementary Level

The District philosophy encourages small pupil-teacher ratios particularly in the kindergarten and First Grade levels. Besides the factors listed in the main policy, equity for both buildings is a major concern. Therefore, parents are encouraged to volunteer the transfer of their child/children if inequity occurs in large numbers at a particular grade level. Lacking the necessary transfers to allow equity in numbers, the Board retains the right to assign students to the appropriate grade level/building to obtain a equity and a conducive learning environment. The Board does not support setting a maximum or specific number for each class section in order to maintain flexibility.

 

Approved   05/19/97       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised            

606.3 Homework

 

Homework should be an integral and relevant part of every student’s instructional program. It should be used consistently throughout the grades and classes.

 

Homework is defined to be the extra class activities and assignments which may properly be considered an extensions and enrichment of the regular classroom instructional program.

 

The purpose of carefully assigned homework should be:

1.   Practicing research and exploratory activities;

2.   Sharing and discussing ideas;

3.   Reviewing and summarizing materials studies;

4.   Becoming acquainted with references and resource materials;

5.   Organizing student’s thoughts and thinking skills in preparation for classroom activities; and

6.   Making up incomplete course or subject assignments.

 

Building principals should make sure that the teaching staff members in their building assign meaningful homework assignments.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017      Revised            

606.4 School Ceremonies and Observances

The school district will continue school ceremonies and observances which have become a tradition and a custom of the education program. These include, but are not limited to, reciting the Pledge of Allegiance and observance of holidays, such as Christmas, Halloween and Easter, by programs and performances. Such ceremonies or observances shall have a secular purpose and shall not advocate or sponsor a particular religion.

 

Students who do not wish to participate in these activities may be silent during the ceremony or observance or receive permission from the principal to be excused from the ceremony for religious reasons in compliance with board policy.

 

 

Legal Reference:       

U.S. Const. amend. I.

Lee v. Weisman, 112 S. Ct. 2649 (1992).

Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602, (1971).

Graham v. Central Community School District of Decatur County, 608 F. Supp. 531 (S.D. Iowa 1985).

Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

606.5 Animals on School Property

Live animals, with the exception of service animals, will not be allowed on school district property except under special circumstances and only for an educational purpose. Permission prior to the event will be required from the building administrator for anyone wishing to bring an animal on to school district property. Appropriate supervision of animals is required when animals are brought on to school district property.

 

The person bringing the animal must furnish transportation for the animal brought to school. Animals will not be allowed to travel to and from the student’s attendance center on the school bus without prior approval from the principal.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the principal to determine appropriate supervision of animals in the classroom.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 06/20/2011   

606.6 Student Production of Materials and Services

Materials and services produced by students at the expense of the school district will be the property of the school district. Materials and services produced by students at the student’s expense, except for incidental expense to the school district, will be the property of the student.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to determine incidental expense.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

606.7 Student Field Trips and Excursions

The board recognizes that a properly planned, well conducted, and carefully supervised field trip is a vital part of the curriculum of any classroom. As such, student trips of significant educational value are to be encouraged.

 

Field trips shall have the prior approval of the building principal. An advance consent form of the student’s parents is required to be completed and on file in the building of attendance. This will be required for any excursion involving the use of public or private transportation.

 

Field trips overnight or trips outside of the state must have the approval of the board. Sufficient sponsors shall be furnished and financial provisions shall be arranged.

 

Administrative guidelines by building principals and approved by the superintendent of schools will determine specific procedures for each building. For example, limits may be placed on the number of trips per building and their nature, the grade level, and the classrooms each year. Typically, fees charged to attend performances, entrance to an exhibit, etc., will be paid by the students or through fund raisers by the students and not the school district.

 

Legal Reference:                    390 C.F.R. Pt. 390.3(f) (1993).

                                                Iowa Code §§ 279.8.

                                                281 I.A.C. 43.9.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised             

606.7R1 Senior Trip

I.       Philosophy

         It is the philosophy of the PCM School District to support the concept of a senior trip. The trip is a privilege, not a right, which is earned by the students by proper actions and demonstrated support of the class through high school. All school rules apply on this trip. Furthermore, it is assumed by the districts that this trip is to be educational in nature and not designed as strictly an entertaining escapade.

 

II.      Trip Itinerary

         No later than the March board meeting of each year, a complete itinerary will be submitted for approval.

 

III.     Length of Trip

         The senior class trip shall not exceed seventy-two (72) hours from the time they leave PCM until they return. The trip should be limited to two (2) nights lodging plus the necessary travel time to and from the desired location. The trip will be limited to states bordering Iowa.

 

IV.     Qualification to go on Senior Trip

         Each student shall:

  1. Be on schedule to meet graduation requirements.
  2. Pay their share of the trip expenses.

 

During grades nine (9) through eleven (11), the class will be earning money for the prom and the senior class trip. All money left over following prom will go towards the class trip. The remaining cost of the trip will be divided among the seniors going on the trip. Any profits earned during the senior class fund raisers will decrease the cost of the trip.

 

V.      Losing Privilege of Senior Trip

  1. Any out-of-school suspension or more than one in-school suspension during the senior year. Students are entitled to an appeal through due process pursuant to Board Policy 502.6.
  2. Any expulsion during grades nine (9) thru twelve (12). Students are entitled to an appeal through due process pursuant to Board Policy 502.6.
  3. Any use of drugs (including alcohol and tobacco) during the senior year as defined by the school's good conduct policy. The senior year begins with the first day of fall activity practices. Students are entitled to an appeal through due process pursuant to Board Policy 502.6.

 

VI.     Deposit

         Each student will be required to make a deposit before trip arrangements are completed. If a student decides not to attend or losses the privilege of attending or is brought home early from the trip, the deposit is forfeited.

 

VII.    Luggage Check

         All handbags and luggage will be checked by a parent or chaperone before being loaded.

 

 

 

VIII.   Chaperones

         A chaperone shall be provided for each ten (10) students plus one (1) extra chaperone. These chaperones will be approved by the building principal. All lodging and fees for the chaperones will be paid by the senior class.

 

IX.     Trip Termination

         When, in the judgment of the chaperones, the students have become unmanageable or an embarrassment to the school, the total trip will be terminated and all students will be brought home.

 

         A chaperone shall be appointed to bring anyone home from the trip when action demonstrates the need to bring the student home. Listed below are some examples of behaviors that would result in sending a student home early. This list is not inclusive itself, but is designed to show the types of behavior that will result in termination of the senior class trip for the student:

  • Possession of drugs (including alcohol and tobacco)
  • Shoplifting
  • Destruction of property

 

         Any student brought home early from the senior trip will not be allowed to participate in the graduation ceremonies. The trip starts when the bus leaves PCM school grounds and ends when the bus arrives back on PCM school grounds. This will be strictly enforced and the boards will have special meetings to give such students their diploma.

 

Legal Reference:               Iowa Code §§ 279.8

 

Approved   3/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 03/20/2017 

606.8 School Assembly

The principal may authorize programs or activities in the form of a school assembly when such events contribute to the achievement of education goals of the school district. Such assemblies shall comply with the school calendar.

 

In authorizing a school assembly, the principal shall consider the budget of the school district, the educational benefits of the activity, the inherent risks or dangers of the activity, and other factors as the principal or superintendent deems relevant.

 

It shall be the responsibility of the principal to inform the board of the approved school assemblies.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.3, .14.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017      Revised             

606.9 Insufficient Classroom Space

Insufficient classroom space shall be determined on a case-by-case basis. In making its determination whether insufficient classroom space exists, the board may consider several factors, including but not limited to, the nature of the education program, the grade level, the available certified employees, the instructional method, the physical space, student-teacher ratios, equipment and materials, facilities either being planned or under construction, facilities planned to be closed, financial condition of the school district and projected to be available, a sharing agreement in force or planned, a bargaining agreement in force, laws or rules governing special education class size, board-adopted school district goals and objectives, and other factors considered relevant by the board.

 

This policy shall be reviewed by the board annually. It shall be the responsibility of the superintendent to bring this policy to the attention of the board each year.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 282.18(13).

                                                281 I.A.C. 17.6(3).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 03/20/2017  

607 Instructional Services

607.1 Student Guidance and Counseling Program

The board shall provide a student guidance and counseling program. The guidance counselor shall be certified in the State of Iowa and hold the qualifications required by the board. The guidance and counseling program will serve grades kindergarten through twelve. The program will assist students with their personal, educational, and career development. The program shall be coordinated with the education program and involve certified employees.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 622.10.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.3(6); .5(21).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017      Revised 03/20/2017  

607.2 Student Health Services

Health services shall be coordinated with the health education and physical education curriculum. The program shall be designed to help each student protect, improve and maintain physical, emotional and social well-being. Areas to be considered include, but are not limited to:

  • Environmental health and safety;
  • Emergency health procedures and responsibilities;
  • Health promotion;
  • Communicable disease prevention and control;
  • Staffing for the school health program;
  • Administering of prescription medication;
  • Acute or chronic health problems;
  • Health assessment and screening;
  • Record keeping; and
  • Program evaluation.

 

Nurses and other medical employees employed by or requested to conduct services for the board shall hold and maintain a current Iowa license and meet the requirements of the Iowa Department of Education if required by the school district. In addition to the health services provided in the curriculum, the school district will provide the following district-wide health services:

  • Annual vision screening tests;
  • Annual audiometer screening tests;
  • Annual spinal screening;
  • Annual height and weight measurement; and
  • Furnish evidence of immunization for students to the State Board of Health within the first thirty days of the school year.

 

The services listed above will be provided in conjunction with state public health officials and local hospitals.

 

The superintendent shall provide a written report on the role of health services in the education program to the board annually.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 139.9; 143.

                                                641 I.A.C. 7.

                                                281 I.A.C. 12.3(9).

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017     Revised 05/19/97   

608 Adult Education

The board recognizes that the general objectives of post-high school and adult educational programs are the same as those of other levels of public education. These general objectives include:

  1. the preparation of individuals for democratic citizenship;
  2. providing individuals with means for economic improvement and cultural development; and
  3. the enrichment of the personal lives of all who participate.

 

The post-high school and adult educational programs shall be administered by an appointed director in cooperation with the administration of the school district.

 

The physical facilities of the school district shall be made available for use in these programs when there is no conflict with the regular school activities and programs.

 

Recommendations for extension of the adult educational programs shall be made by the director to the school administration who in turn shall present them to the board.

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 259A; 279.8(4); 288.1; 297.9-.12.

                                                1936 Op. Att’y Gen. 196.

                                                1940 Op. Att’y Gen. 232.

                                                1982 Op. Att’y Gen. 561.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017      Revised 06/20/2011

609 Community Education

Because it recognizes that learning is a lifelong activity, the board supports the concept of community education. Because school facilities belong to the people, the facilities will be made available when they are not in use by the district’s regular program. The facilities will be made available for such activities as educational, recreational, cultural, and other community services and programs for all ages, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups residing in the community.

 

 

Legal Reference:                    Iowa Code §§ 276; 279.8(4); 288.1, 297.9-12.

                                                1936 Op. Att’y Gen. 196.

                                                1940 Op. Att’y Gen. 232.

                                                1982 Op. Att’y Gen. 561.

 

Approved   03/25/91       Reviewed 03/20/2017       Revised